Wednesday, January 13, 2016

Statues of India

There are many statues located throughout India. Some are located in urban locations, some are in rural settings. Many of these statues are duplicated throughout the country in remembrance of people who have contributed to the political, military, religious, educational, legend or mythological history of India. We will add statues as we locate, photograph and identify them in our travels.

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar ([bʱiːmraːw raːmdʑiː aːmbeːɽkər]; 14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian juristeconomistpolitician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Untouchables (Dalits), while also supporting the rights of women and labour.[4] He was Independent India's first law minister and the principal architect of the Constitution of India.[5][6][7][8]
Ambedkar was a prolific student, earning a law degree and various doctorates from Columbia University and the London School of Economics, and gained a reputation as a scholar for his research in law, economics and political science. In his early career he was an economistprofessor, and lawyer. His later life was marked by his political activities; he became involved in campaigning and negotiations for India's independence, publishing journals advocating political rights and social freedom for Dalits, and contributing significantly to the establishment of the state of India. In 1956 he converted to Buddhism, initiating mass conversions of Dalits.[9][10][11][12]
In 1990, the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, was posthumously conferred upon Ambedkar.[13][14][15][16] Ambedkar's legacy includes numerous memorials and depictions in popular culture.(Wikipedia)
He was born as a Dalits (an Untouchable) and was shot and killed while speaking in Parliament by a person from a higher level caste than he was. The statue of him is the position he was in when shot. This statue is located in West Godavari, Rajahmundry; there are many located throughout India.

Mahthma Gandhi--Lawyer
    BornOctober 2, 1869, Porbandar
    SpouseKasturba Gandhi (m. 1883–1944)
    AssassinatedJanuary 30, 1948, New Delhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (/ˈɡɑːndiˈɡæn-/;[2] Hindustani: [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi]; 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable")[3]—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,[4]—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for "father",[5] "papa"[5][6]) in India. In common parlance in India he is often called Gandhiji. He is unofficially called the Father of the Nation.[7][8]
Born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujaratwestern India, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban laborers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for easing poverty, expanding women's rights, building religious and ethnic amity, ending untouchability, but above all for achieving Swaraj or self-rule.

L. Madhua Reddy--Politician in the West Godavari area of Rajahmundry, India

B. Venkat Reddy, local leader, Sangam Village, India.

Bharat Ratna

Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna.jpg
Awarded by
Emblem of India.svg
Government of India
ObverseAn image of the Sun along with the words "Bharat Ratna", inscribed inDevanagari script, on a peepal leaf
ReverseA platinum Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
RibbonBharat Ratna Ribbon.svg
First awarded1954
Last awarded2015
Total awarded45
First awardee(s)
Recent awardee(s)
Award rank
IND Padma Vibhushan BAR.png
Padma Vibhushan →
The Bharat Ratna (Hindi pronunciation: [bʰaːrt̪ rt̪ n]Jewel of India)[1] is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted in 1954, the award is conferred "in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.[2][3][4] The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include "any field of human endeavour" in December 2011.[5] The recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. Recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and apeepal-leaf–shaped medallion; there is no monetary grant associated with the award. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence.
The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were politician C. Rajagopalachari, philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and scientist C. V. Raman, who were honoured in 1954. Since then, the award has been bestowed on 45 individuals, including 12 who were awarded posthumously. The original statutes did not provide for posthumous awards but were amended in January 1955 to permit them. The former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri became the first individual to be honoured posthumously. In 2014, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, then aged 40, became the youngest recipient; while social reformerDhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Though usually conferred on Indian citizens, the "Bharat Ratna" has been awarded to one naturalised citizen, Mother Teresa, and to two non-Indians, Pakistan national Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and former South African President Nelson Mandela. On 24 December 2014, the Indian government announced the award to independence activist Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumously) and former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

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