Monday, September 5, 2016

Sightseeing in Delhi--September 2016

This is the Qutub Minar tower--it is 72 meters (236 feet) high, has survived the ravages of weather for over 1,500 years--constructed in the year 1192 AD. It was constructed with a slight lean, away from the outdoor mosque so that if it fell, it would fall away from the mosque. 

The first three stories are made of red sandstone; the last two stories are made of marble and sandstone. The mosque is the first mosque built in India.

The tower is Afghan architecture.

"Qutub"means "Pole of Justices".

The diameter of the base is 14.32 meters (47 feet). 

When the base was excavated in recent time to determine its structural stability, archaeologists were amazed at the depth and width of the footings.

As the daily monsoon rains came, we went to India Gate, a memorial for World War I soldiers who fought and died for India.

At the Humayun's Tomb complex, we first saw the Isa Khan Niyazi Tomb. Built in 1547 AD, it is surrounded by a sunken garden, the first of its kind in India. Isa Khan Niyazi was a nobleman in the courts of Ibrahim Lodhi.

The Arab Serai Gate was built in 1560 AD. This 14 meter (46 feet) high gateway led to the walled enclosure which housed the Persian craftsman who came to build Humayun's Tomb.

Humayun's Tomb was built by his grieving widow in 1565-72 AD. It stands on a platform 120 meters (394 feet) wide and reaches a height of 47 meters (154 feet). The tomb has in it over 100 graves, giving it the name "Dormitory of the Mughals"

Humayun was the second Mughal emperor; he ruled over territory which is now Afghanistan, Pakistan and parts of northern India.

We next took a cycle rickshaw ride through Old Delhi.

Upper Right:
Red Fort--the residence of the Mughal Emperor for nearly 200 years.

Lower Left:
Only in India! 

Yes, it is a sidewalk dentist.


A visit to the spice market in Old Delhi...

On the streets of Old Delhi

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